the history

the never-ending

occupation

Rooted in settler colonialism, the occupation of Palestine has a long, painful history. See some key events below.

  • 1915

    • Sherif Hussein's correspondence with Sir Henry McMahon sought British support for Arab sovereignty in exchange for opposing the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916

    • Sykes-Picot Agreement co-authored by Britain and France, defining their spheres of influence in the Middle East.
  • 1917

    • The British capture Jerusalem during World War I, and the Balfour Declaration expresses support for a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine.
  • 1936-1939

    • Arab Revolt in Palestine against British rule and Jewish immigration.
  • 1947

    • UN Resolution 181 recommends the partition of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, leading to the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948.
  • 1948

    • First Arab-Israeli War ensues following Israel's declaration of independence. 

     

    • The Deir Yassin massacre occurs, with Palestinian civilians killed by Jewish paramilitary groups.

     

    • The Nakba, which means "catastrophe" marked the forced displacement of 700,000 to 800,000 Palestinians from their homes. 400 to 600 villages destroyed, repopulated with Jewish settlers, or left abandoned

  • 1953

    • Qibya massacre involves an Israeli attack on the village in the West Bank, resulting in the deaths of Palestinian civilians.
  • 1967

    Israeli soldiers are pictured with Egyptian prisoners on the Gaza Strip, June 9, 1967. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz)

     

    • Six-Day War leads to Israel's victory over neighboring Arab states and the occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.

  • 1973

    • UN Resolution 338 calls for an immediate ceasefire and implementation of UN Resolution 242 during the Yom Kippur War.
  • 1979

    • UN Resolution 446 condemns Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories.


    • UN Resolution 452 calls on Israel to cease building settlements in territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.

  • 1980

    • UN Resolution 465 criticizes Israel's settlement policy and calls on Israel to dismantle existing settlements.

     

    • UN Resolution 478 condemns Israel's Jerusalem Law declaring Jerusalem its "complete and united" capital.

  • 1987-1993

    • First Palestinian Intifada (uprising) against Israeli rule in the occupied territories.
  • 1993

    • The Oslo Accords represent peace efforts between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
  • 1996

    • First Palestinian general elections held, leading to the election of President Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Legislative Council.
  • 2000-2005

    • Second Palestinian Intifada involves a period of Palestinian uprising and Israeli military responses.

     

    Faris Odeh (December 1985 - 9 November 2000) standing alone in front a tank, with a stone in his hand and arm bent back to throw. Ten days later, on November 9, Odeh was again throwing stones at Karni when he was shot in the neck by Israeli troops. Odeh and the now famous image of him have since become symbols of the Palestinian resistance to the occupation
    Faris Odeh standing alone in front a tank, with a stone in his hand and arm bent back to throw. Ten days later, on November 9, 2000 Odeh was shot in the neck by Israeli troops. Odeh and the now famous image of him have since become symbols of the Palestinian resistance to the occupation
  • 2003

    • UN Resolution 1515 endorses the Quartet's "Road Map" for peace, calling for a two-state solution by 2005.
  • 2005

    • Israel unilaterally withdraws from the Gaza Strip in the Gaza Disengagement.
  • 2006

    • Second Palestinian general elections held, won by Hamas, leading to a political divide between Fatah and Hamas.
  • 2007

    • Israel imposes a blockade on Gaza after Hamas takes control of the territory, severely restricting the movement of goods and people.
  • 2008-2009

    • UN Resolution 1860 calls for an immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip after Operation Cast Lead.
  • 2012

    • Operation Pillar of Defense involves Israeli airstrikes and targeted killings in response to rocket attacks.
  • 2014

    • Operation Protective Edge, a 50-day military campaign in Gaza, leads to a high number of civilian casualties and extensive damage to infrastructure.
  • 2018

    • UN Resolution 2428 deplores the use of excessive force by Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians, especially in Gaza.
  • 2021

    • Operation Guardian of the Walls, another military confrontation between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, results in civilian casualties and extensive destruction.
  • 2023

    • Operation Al-Aqsa Flood carried out by Hamas military wing Al-Qassam brigades penetrated Israel’s security apparatus by land, sea and air. 1,200 Israelis are killed, 200 kidnapped.

    • Israel Defense Forces kill over 20,057 Palestinians (Over 70% women and children), injure 53,320, displace 1 million residents of North Gaza, bomb hospitals, houses of worship and roadways further exacerbating the current humanitarian crisis.

  • 1915

    Sherif Hussein's correspondence with Sir Henry McMahon sought British support for Arab sovereignty in exchange for opposing the Ottoman Empire.

  • 1916

    Sykes-Picot Agreement co-authored by Britain and France, defining their spheres of influence in the Middle East.

  • 1917

    The British capture Jerusalem during World War I, and the Balfour Declaration expresses support for a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine.

  • 1936-1939

    Arab Revolt in Palestine against British rule and Jewish immigration.

  • 1947

    UN Resolution 181 recommends the partition of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, leading to the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948.

  • 1948

    • First Arab-Israeli War ensues following Israel's declaration of independence. 
    • The Deir Yassin massacre occurs, with Palestinian civilians killed by Jewish paramilitary groups.
    • The Nakba, which means "catastrophe" marked the forced displacement of 700,000 to 800,000 Palestinians from their homes
    • 400 to 600 villages destroyed, repopulated with Jewish settlers, or left abandoned
  • 1953

    Qibya massacre involves an Israeli attack on the village in the West Bank, resulting in the deaths of Palestinian civilians.

  • 1967

    Six-Day War leads to Israel's victory over neighboring Arab states and the occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.

  • 1973

    UN Resolution 338 calls for an immediate ceasefire and implementation of UN Resolution 242 during the Yom Kippur War.

  • 1979

    • UN Resolution 446 condemns Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories.
    • UN Resolution 452 calls on Israel to cease building settlements in territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.
  • 1980

    • UN Resolution 465 criticizes Israel's settlement policy and calls on Israel to dismantle existing settlements.

    • UN Resolution 478 condemns Israel's Jerusalem Law declaring Jerusalem its "complete and united" capital.

  • 1987-1993

    First Palestinian Intifada (uprising) against Israeli rule in the occupied territories.

  • 1993

    The Oslo Accords represent peace efforts between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

  • 1996

    First Palestinian general elections held, leading to the election of President Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Legislative Council.

  • 2000-2005

    Second Palestinian Intifada involves a period of Palestinian uprising and Israeli military responses.

  • 2003

    UN Resolution 1515 endorses the Quartet's "Road Map" for peace, calling for a two-state solution by 2005.

  • 2005

    Israel unilaterally withdraws from the Gaza Strip in the Gaza Disengagement.

  • 2006

    Second Palestinian general elections held, won by Hamas, leading to a political divide between Fatah and Hamas.

  • 2007

    Israel imposes a blockade on Gaza after Hamas takes control of the territory, severely restricting the movement of goods and people.

  • 2008-2009

    UN Resolution 1860 calls for an immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip after Operation Cast Lead.

  • 2012

    Operation Pillar of Defense involves Israeli airstrikes and targeted killings in response to rocket attacks.

  • 2014

    Operation Protective Edge, a 50-day military campaign in Gaza, leads to a high number of civilian casualties and extensive damage to infrastructure.

  • 2018

    UN Resolution 2428 deplores the use of excessive force by Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians, especially in Gaza.

  • 2021

    Operation Guardian of the Walls, another military confrontation between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, results in civilian casualties and extensive destruction.

  • 2023

    • Operation Al-Aqsa Flood carried out by Hamas military wing Al-Qassam brigades penetrated Israel’s security apparatus by land, sea and air. 1,200 Israelis are killed, 200 kidnapped.

    • Israel Defense Forces kill over 20,057 Palestinians (Over 70% women and children), injure 53,320, displace 1 million residents of North Gaza, bomb hospitals, houses of worship and roadways further exacerbating the current humanitarian crisis.

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With the latest crisis in Gaza, the world is starting to see the devastating reality of life there. We’re trying to open their eyes further.

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